Wednesday, 27 July 2016

Rio Olympics 2016: Russian athletes are arriving, but how many will compete?

Russian athletes began to arrive in Rio on Monday
How many Russians will compete at the Rio Olympics next month?
The World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) had recommended they all be banned.
That was after its independently commissioned report found evidence of a four-year, state-run "doping programme" across the "vast majority" of Olympic sports.
But the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has said individual sporting federations must rule on whether Russians can compete.
Russia's full Olympic team would have consisted of 387 competitors but the country's track and field athletes are already barred by athletics' governing body.
Of the 28 Olympic sports there are no Russian football, rugby, basketball or hockey teams.
The rest of the sports must rule and then put their decision forward to be ratified by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (Cas).
So which federations have decided already? And what have they decided?

Aquatics (swimming, diving & water polo)

Russians hoping to compete: 67
Decision: Some Russians have been banned, with further rulings to follow.
On Monday, swimming's governing body banned seven Russian athletes from going to Rio. Four were barred because they had served doping bans in the past and the other three because they were mentioned in the Wada-commissioned report that alleged state-sponsored doping in Russia.
Fina said the "exact implication for the Russian Swimming Federation is still to be clarified" and an "ad hoc commission will have to investigate".
It also said it will re-test all the samples collected from Russian swimmers at the 2015 World Championships.


Russians competing: Three
Decision: Russians can compete.
World Archery said the three Russians have been "tested extensively" and had no previous doping convictions. It expressed "shock and concern" over recent allegations but praised the IOC's "courageous decision" not to give Russia a "blanket ban".


Russians competing: None.
Decision: All of the 68 Russian athletes have already been banned, though long jumper Darya Klishina has been cleared to compete as a "neutral".
Yuliya Stepanova, the 800m runner whose evidence helped expose the Russian doping scandal, will not be allowed to do the same, however. The IAAF had previously cleared her to compete, but the IOC's latest ruling disallows any athlete with a previous doping ban.
Stepanova has since questioned that ruling, describing it as "unfair".


Russians competing: Four
Decision: None yet, though one is expected soon.


Russians competing: 11
Decision: None yet.
Governing body the AIBA is "reviewing and analysing, on a case-by-case basis, the anti-doping record of the 11 Russian boxers currently qualified". It has said it will confirm with the IOC "in due course".

Canoeing and kayaking

Russians competing: 18
Decision: The International Canoe Federation has "immediately suspended" five of the 23 qualified Russians, after they were named in the McLaren report, pending further investigation.
ICF general secretary Simon Toulson said it was a "bitter blow for the Olympic movement," but that "swift action" was needed to show "that if you step out of line you won't make the start line."


Russians competing: 18
Decision: None yet.
Governing body the UCI is expected to make a decision in the coming days.


Russians competing: Five
Decision: Russians can compete.
Governing body the FEI says there is "no indication of any organised doping malpractices within the Russian equestrian delegation". It adds there is "absolutely no reason why the Russian equestrian athletes should not compete at Rio".


Russians competing: 16
Decision: Russians can compete.
Fencing's governing body the FIE cleared all 16 Russians to compete, saying it had "re-examined the results from 197 tests taken by Russian athletes in 35 countries, including Russia, between 2014 and 2016", which were all negative.


Russians competing: One
Decision: None yet.


Russians competing: 21
Decision: None yet.
The International Gymnastics Federation previously said it was opposed to a blanket ban, and on Monday said it would establish a "pool of eligible Russian athletes" as soon as possible.


Russians competing: 14
Decision: None yet.
The International Handball Federation said on Monday it took "immediate action" to re-test Russian athletes following the IOC's ruling and is expected to make a further statement soon.


Russians competing: 11
Decision: The International Judo Federation, whose honorary president is Russian President Vladimir Putin, has cleared all Russians to compete, with president Marius Vizer saying they had been tested from last September to May "on many occasions, at many international judo events, abroad from Russia".

Modern pentathlon

Russians competing: Three
Decision: One of the four qualifying Russians, plus a reserve, have been banned by the governing body UIPM, after being implicated in the McLaren report's 'Disappearing Positive Methology' scheme. The remaining three have been cleared to compete.


Russians competing: Six
Decision: Russia's initial squad of 28 has been reduced following 22 suspensions.
Fisa said the latest banned athletes were "not considered to have participated in doping" but did not meet the IOC's criteria of having been tested in labs outside of Russia.


Russians competing: Seven
Decision: One sailor has been banned.
World Sailing suspended Pavel Sozykin but said the other six members of Russia's squad can compete and a replacement for Sozykin would be allowed.


Russians competing: 18
Decision: An ISSF statement said all 18 Russian shooters are eligible having not been mentioned in the McLaren report, nor tested positive through further doping controls. The governing body added that "all Russian athletes are being carefully monitored" by its intelligence based testing programme.

Table tennis

Russians competing: Three
Decision: None yet.
The International Table Tennis Federation is "investigating table tennis' involvement" in the Wada-commissioned report and will decide on Wednesday if the three qualified Russian players can compete.


Russians competing: Three
Decision: None yet.


Russians competing: Eight
Decision: Russians can compete.
The International Tennis Federation said the nominated Russians have been tested 205 times between them since 2014, adding that is "sufficient" for them to go to Rio.


Russians competing: Six
Decision: All six have been cleared to compete.

Volleyball (and beach volleyball)

Russians competing: 30
Decision: None yet.
Governing body the FIVB says: "Russian athletes have been tested at the same level as all other countries and the majority of the testing analysis of Russian athletes has been conducted outside of Russia.
"The FIVB has a zero-tolerance policy towards doping and has total confidence in its anti-doping system."


Russians competing: Eight
Decision: None yet.
Governing body the IWF says it is "awaiting evidence to be provided by Russian athletes".
It says it has contacted the IOC and Wada for "further clarification" and its executive board will issue the final decision on the eligibility of the Russian weightlifters once the evidence has been evaluated.


Russians competing: 17
Decision: None yet.
United World Wrestling says it has appointed a "special commission with the mandate to review the doping cases related to the Russian wrestlers currently qualified to compete for the Rio Games". It expects to report back by Friday, 29 July.
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